6 of the Strangest Plants on Earth

By Manish Choudhary

Nov 28, 2023

Lithops, or "living stones," are South African succulents that mimic rocks for survival. Their camouflage helps them evade herbivores in arid environments.

1. Lithops: The Living Stones

Mimosa pudica, the sensitive plant, exhibits rapid leaf movements when touched, deterring herbivores by appearing wilted and unappetizing.

2. The Sensitive Plant: Mimosa pudica

Rafflesia arnoldii, found in Southeast Asia, is a parasitic plant with the world's largest flower. Its massive, foul-smelling bloom attracts flies for pollination.

3. Rafflesia arnoldii: The Corpse Flower

Welwitschia mirabilis, from the Namib Desert, has a unique appearance with only two leaves produced in its millennium-long lifespan. It extracts moisture from fog to survive.

4. Welwitschia mirabilis: The Living Fossil

Nepenthes rajah, native to Borneo, is a carnivorous plant with large pitcher traps that capture and digest insects, allowing it to target even small mammals.

5. Giant Pitcher Plant: Nepenthes rajah

Selaginella lepidophylla, a resurrection plant in the Chihuahuan Desert, curls into a ball when dry, appearing dead. It revives upon rehydration, a remarkable adaptation for desert survival.

6. False Rose of Jericho: Selaginella lepidophylla